lessons on cooking a steak perfectly
*disclaimer*: you are learning how to cook steak from someone who never knew how to before but obsessed over the course of three days and six bad steaks until she got the seventh just right. she also has no fancy tools. just her cast iron, a pair of tongs, and the stubborn determination of a perfectionist.
hey fransss! this is my first post as an ex-parisienne brooklynite! one full week has passed and there’s been a lot of unpacking, cleaning, reacquainting myself with american things like great bagels or people speaking english, and lastly, occupying 30% of my brain space thinking about all the friends and food i miss in paris.
along with the baguettes, terrine, and natural wine, i often think about this perfect pepper crusted steak from le hibou in odéon that comes in a dreamy puddle of this silky flavorful red wine reduction. on good and bad days, one of my favorite memories in paris was finding an ideal seat on their terrace to people watch, enjoying this steak, while washing it all down with a glass of red wine.
on a more serious and concerned note about steak
i’ve never been too much of a red meat eater because of all the unknowns: where it came from, how it was processed, what the cow was fed, how it was treated, the artificial hormones, infections and antibiotics it carries, and ultimately how my body would absorb it all.
the eu has more restrictive laws around animal meat vs. that of the u.s. which requires us to do more research on not only how and what to consume, but also where to find it. i think the most important thing to know is what the cow was fed and how it was treated. most cows in the united states are fed grains supplemented with corn and soybean (feed that is also harmful to our planet) and given antibiotics, all in an effort to maximize meat production at the cheapest cost. it’s unnatural and harmful for not only the cow, but also for our bodies to consume.
i think that the best thing i can do when eating red meat, and also suggest for you (if you live in the u.s.) is two things:
support local butchers and restaurants who have direct relationships with their beef suppliers that grass graze, grass feed, and do not feed or inject growth hormones and antibiotics.
change your mindset about the cost of beef because it is expensive to produce beef properly and naturally. grass fed beef is naturally fattier, tender, and most importantly, tastes better. if you’re in it for the flavor and quality, ya gotta pay for it!
as you can tell, i’m pretty passionate about this topic. sorry if you came here for the tips, here they are :)
where to get high quality steak
i’m lucky to live in a metropolitan city that has access to almost anything at my fingertips. if you search good ol’ google for “grass fed beef + your city” hopefully you can find some butcher shops close by but if not, you can also order it online and have it delivered to you. in brooklyn and new york, you can find some quality stuff at paisano’s and hudson & charles.
if you have other or better recommendations that you’re passionate about, feel free to shout it out here!
#my perfect steak goals
it’s good to have an idea of how you like your steak cooked, for me it was:
medium rare with a nice crust that’s evenly cooked
as juicy and tender with as little effort as possible using everyday kitchen equipment like a cast iron and tongs (i has no sous vide and neither do a lot of people)
a pepper crust that’s just present and isn’t too overwhelming where you think you’re going to start hallucinating from pepper overdose
helpful tips so that you don’t have to cook steak 7 times before getting it right
if you’re also new to this, test ONE steak first. don’t be a ding dong like me and waste learning opportunities by cooking two steaks using the same method at same time. yeah, i’m embarrassed admitting this mistake.
prepping the steak (learned from salt fat acid heat): salt all sides of your steak using kosher salt 30 minutes-1h before cooking. salting is pure magic in that it removes moisture from the steak which then transforms into a brine that absorbs into the meat to break down tough proteins in the muscle - all the way into center too! but only if you let it and give it time.
pat your steak dry with a paper towel: there will naturally be some moisture on the surface from the salt so wipe it off before cooking. a dry steak will surprisingly allow the pepper to adhere better, especially when throwing on the pan. also, moisture on the surface will prevent a beautiful golden crust from forming
don’t use those grill pans because i believe it’s just for #aesthetic purposes to get grill marks which is to me, kind of silly. instead, use a flat cast iron to not only maximize your crust surface area but also get your steak to cook more evenly throughout.
use oil to pan fry the steak vs. butter. because you need to get your cast iron to heat up to create some smoke and because oil has a higher smoke point (~400 degrees F) than butter (350 degrees F), oil will be your bestie. baste with butter after your steak is cooked to get delicious flavor and a beautiful shiny sheen.
cook the edge with the fat first because the fat will cook down and render and flavor the oil. using tongs, hold the fat edge up on the pan until it crisps up and turns a nice golden color.
that rule about not flipping your steak - throw it out the window. but do make sure that you have a good crust on the first side before flipping (~30 seconds to a minute). i found that giving multiple flips made the steak more evenly cooked throughout.
you don’t have to finish it in the oven i used two steaks by finishing them in the oven at 450 degrees for 2-3 minutes. they came out more medium and it’s kind of unnecessary to do this in my opinion. a good pan fry is sufficient!
let your steak rest for at least 5 minutes on a rack before serving or basting with butter: this one is obvious or maybe not but j. kenji lopez-alt did like the longest study of the importance of resting meat to keep the juices from spilling out. more here!
pepper crusted steak
w/ a red wine reduction
grass fed and grazed beef, i had 1 pound of rib-eye cut into one-inch thick steaks
~2 tbs kosher salt
course ground black pepper
3 tbs oil with a smoke point at or above 400 degrees (olive oil, vegetable oil)
2 tablespoons butter
1 cup of red wine
2 tablespoons heavy cream
salt all sides of your steak 30 minutes-1 hour before cooking
pat all sides dry using a paper towel
lay course ground pepper on a dish and press both sides of the steak into the pepper. dust of any excess pepper
cooking the steak
pour olive oil into cast iron and heat up to medium-high until the oil begins to smoke
using tongs, press the fatty edge of the steak onto the pan and cook until the fat has melted down and the fat is crisped and browned
lay first side of steak on pan and cook for 30-45 seconds and flip to the other side. do this 2-3 times until you get a good golden crust. it’s okay for the exposed outer rim of the steak to look purple-ish gray. the inside is what counts!
rest your steak for 5 minutes on a rack
buttering up the bad boy
while steak is resting, bring heat down to a medium and melt 2 tablespoons of butter down. once steak has cooled down a little, lay first side down and spoon over butter the top surface. allow each side 1 minute and remove from pan and allow for continued resting on the rack
keeping the heat on medium, pour 1 cup of red wine into the remaining fat in pan. whisk and cook down until 3/4 of wine has reduced and cooked down. pour in heavy cream at this point and continue to whisk until you have a good emulsion and silky sheeny red wine sauce that kind of looks like a dark purple liquidy gravy